What is Qigong?
A literal translation of qigong into English results in something along the lines of “qi cultivation.” Qi lacks an exact analog in English but has similar counterparts in cultures situated all around the world, with examples ranging from the pneuma of ancient Greece to the prana of modern Hinduism.
In short, qi can be thought of as being a sort of life force that exists in all living things.
As a result, qigong is something of a catch-all term for the practices used to cultivate qi in the practitioner as well as bring it into balance at the same time.
In more practical terms, qigong encompasses a number of practices that range from massage and meditation to breathing exercises and flowing movements.
All come together to align both mind and body in accordance with ancient Chinese beliefs about the role of humans in the cosmos.
What is the History of Qigong?
Given the nature of qigong, it should come as no surprise to learn that it can be traced to some of the earliest practices in Chinese culture, stretching all the way back into prehistory.
However, qigong has continued to change over the course of its existence, drawing influence from foreign cultures as well as continuing to develop its own practices.
In this, it is much the same as Chinese culture as a whole.
The earliest practices that can be classified as qigong are thought to have developed out of healing dances that made use of both exclamations and movements to influence the performance of human bodies.
Later on, these breathing exercises and flowing movements became associated with the concept of qi, which was first recorded in the Book of Changes sometime between the 10th and the 4th centuries BCE.
By the time China had entered into the period of cultural flourishing called the Hundred Schools of Thought between the 6th Century and 221 BCE, said practices had become entrenched as an essential part of Chinese medicine.
However, it was not until sometime between 206 BCE and 220 CE under the Han Dynasty that qigong managed to add meditation to its repertoire, as both Buddhism and Buddhist practices were introduced from the Indian subcontinent.
For some, qigong became a means of reaching enlightenment by escaping the cycle of reincarnation, while for others, qigong continued to be a means for them to exercise control over both their minds and their bodies for the better.
In light of this, it was no coincidence that qigong became incorporated into both internal martial arts and external martial arts under the rule of succeeding dynasties, as shown by the examples of both Wudan Internal Elixir and Shaolin External Elixir.
In present times, qigong has become more and more popular with more and more people, not least because of official support in its homeland.
As a result of extensive effort, qigong can now be classified as belonging to one of five separated but nonetheless connected families based on either Daoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Chinese medicine, or Chinese martial arts.
Each can boast of a rich heritage that serves to provide its practitioners with a wide range of benefits and uses tailored to its intended purpose.
What Are the Benefits of Qigong?
In modern times, the benefits of qigong are focused less on spiritual matters and more on practicalities. Although each of the five families provides its own benefits and uses, there are more than enough commonalities between them to result in similarities across classifications, with some of the most common examples being listed here:
- Considering the practices that makeup qigong, it should come as no surprise to learn that the practice of qigong provides the same benefits as regular exercise. In short, practitioners of qigong can expect to see improvements to their athletic performance, improvements to their internal systems such as the heart and lungs, as well as a reduced chance of serious injury as a result of looser and more relaxed joints and ligaments. Combined, these benefits ensure that practitioners of qigong can live happier and healthier lives.
- Modern living can be stressful, which is problematic because continuous stress suppresses the immune system with serious consequences for both mind and body. Fortunately, qigong can relax its practitioners, thus keeping their immune systems running at peak performance while also ensuring that their emotions remain in balance. As a result, qigong is as beneficial for mental health as it is for physical health. Both of which can be counted as essential components of human well-being.
- Serious illness can make it impossible for sufferers to exercise, thus making their bodies weaker and weaker at a time when their bodies need all the strength that they can muster. In contrast to most of the exercise routines that can be found out there, qigong is not strenuous while still being an efficient and effective means for people to hone their bodies. In fact, there are some techniques in qigong that are so undemanding that they can even be performed by people in their beds, thus providing them with a means to build themselves back up from the bottom.
- Likewise, this means that qigong can help people recover from serious traffic accident injuries in less time. This takes a number of forms, ranging from helping people to relax even in stressful situations to keeping their strength up through the provision of non-strenuous exercise.
To learn more about either qigong history, qigong benefits, or even qigong in general, please do not hesitate to contact us as soon as possible.
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